Study accurately estimates prevalence of FASD in the United States

The American Psychological Association has published the results of a ten-year study regarding FASD prevalence estimation. A joint study with the Department of Education and the Social Sciences Research Council, the APA has made an effort to evaluate the accuracy of prevalence estimates across different domains of study. As it turns out, the study was able to conclude that FASD is indeed more common than many people might think. In fact, it is estimated that FASD affects 10% of the population at any given time.

With regards to the social sciences as a whole, the study found that FASD is more prevalent in males than in females, and that it tends to affect people who are Caucasian or European in descent. However, the effects of FASD on Asian or other ethnic groups are relatively mild, and studies have not shown a significant difference in prevalence by race/ ethnicity. In addition, the FASD symptoms are not specific to a certain age range or any one gender. They can affect individuals in their late twenties, and they can even begin to affect individuals in their early thirties. And FASD does not tend to affect men more than women.


When it comes to the educational domain, this study also came to the conclusion that FASD is underestimated significantly. In fact, when researchers entered data about FASDs into a typical school report card, they found that FASD was over-diagnosed. In other words, FASDs were actually more common than was previously thought. This is important because FAFSA applications are based on estimated prevalence in the population, rather than actual prevalence. As such, if a student has an FASD, they may actually be applying for financial aid, and the educational institutions may be turning them down for reasons unrelated to their true or estimated FASD.

When it comes to clinical domains, the accuracy of FASD estimations was accurate but not precise. The reasons for this are simple. The problem is that FAFSA software generates estimates from many different sources, and since they do not all have the same criteria for scoring, there can be a wide disparity between estimates obtained from different sources. Also, FAFSA software cannot incorporate data about FASDs from special education programs or services. These services are themselves affected by FAFSA assessments, and they cannot provide very accurate results. Finally, the diagnostic questionnaires used to obtain the data about FAFSA applicants cannot reflect the diagnostic reasoning FAFSA scorers use.

When it comes to ethnicity, the study found that FAFSA estimates were more accurate for Asian students. This is surprising, since FAFSA scoring has been consistently higher for minority ethnic applicants than for white students. The reason is that Asian students typically come from high-income families, have high expectations of college success, and have high self-pride. This, in turn, leads to a higher FAFSA score.

Overall, the data demonstrate that the process of estimating FAFSA can be an empirical study of the existing sample. Different factors will affect estimates across time, but the patterns of variation show that the data can generalize over time. Furthermore, it is also important to remember that the estimates do not come close to reality, since they rely on current, rather than past, data. So even if the estimate does come close to reality, it may not necessarily be valid. But even if it is valid, we have just learned how to study correctly, so let's continue studying.

 

Study accurately estimates prevalence of FASD in the United States Study accurately estimates prevalence of FASD in the United States Reviewed by True Health of Mother on January 12, 2021 Rating: 5

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